What Is The Spiciest Chilli Variety


Chilli peppers are well-known for their spicy kick, and for having a wide range of heat levels. Some of the spiciest chilli varieties measure up to the highest levels of the Scoville scale.

If you’re feeling daring, here’s an overview of some of the spiciest chilli varieties you can find:

Overview of chilli varieties

Chillies are one of the most popular ingredients used around the world and make up a wide selection of dishes. There are many different varieties of chillies, each with their own unique flavor and characteristics. This overview will provide you with information on some of the most common types, including their heat levels and flavours.

Green chilies Believed to originate in Mexico, green chilies resemble bell peppers but have a very distinct taste. They can range from mildly hot to quite hot depending on the variety, however they are generally milder than other types of chillies. Popular green chili varieties include Poblano, Anaheim and Jalapeño.

Red chillies These comprise a great number of chili varieties, such as Ancho and Cascabel. They tend to be spicier than green chilies with a moderate level of heat that can range from mild to very hot depending on which type you get. Red chillies are often used for stewing in sauces or soups due to their thicker flesh which can stand up to longer cooking times without breaking down too much.

Habanero chillies Habanero chillies are small but incredibly fiery! When consumed whole they are easily one of the hottest types available and have an intense flavour that has earned it immense popularity among chili aficionados around the world. The Habanero is also used in a variety of sauces and salsas alongside its heat lending capabilities thanks to its sharp citrus taste.

Ghost pepper/ Bhut Jolokia These incredibly hot peppers have gained fame due to their extremely high level of spiciness making them one of the hottest edible chillis in the world! They originate from India where they have traditionally been used as an ultra-spicy condiment along side dishes such as curries and other dishes requiring great heat concentrations. As well as being very spicy these peppers also carry notes sweet undertones alongside their savagely searing intensity making them an indispensable addition for major chili fanatics everywhere!

African Birdseye Chilli/ Piri piri Originating from West Africa this type is some one middle way between extremely spicy varieties such as the Habanero or Bhut Jolokia ones, however still packs quite a punch for those wanting something more intense than other more mellower sorts. As well as providing ample zingy flavour it is also smoky tasting whilst containing tangerine like undertones perfect for perking up any dish calling out for some extra oomph!


Habanero is one of the most popular chilli pepper varieties and it is also one of the spiciest. It is usually bright red or yellow in colour and has a distinct smoky, fruity flavour. It has a Scoville rating of between 100,000 and 350,000, meaning that it is considerably hotter than the average jalapeno pepper.

Let’s explore more about habanero and discover why it is the spiciest chilli variety.


Habanero peppers are native to the Amazon region of South America and were spread by traders throughout Central, North, and South American regions over the past few hundred years. Originally habaneros were cultivated by the indigenous people of Yucatan, Mexico. They played a major role in early Mayan and Aztec cuisine and medicinal treatments. However, it was not until commercial growers began to cultivate these hotter varieties in Central and North America that popularity of habaneros began outside of Latin America.

Today it’s estimated that over 50% of habaneros grown commercially are grown in Mexico, with other major producers including Peru and Belize. In Mexico habaneros are used to make traditional sauces such as salsa roja or salsa borracha, which can include a combination of tomatoes, onion, and chiles. Habanero peppers are also a staple ingredient in many foods found throughout Latin America such as escabeche (pickled onions)or ceviches (seafood dishes). In recent years they have become popular around the world as an ingredient to provide an extra level of heat to traditional dishes in India, Southeast Asia, Europe and beyond.


Habanero chillies are part of the Capsicum chinense family, and are widely referred to as the world’s spiciest chilli peppers. They typically measure between 100,000–350,000 on the Scoville scale. These peppers are characterised by their intensely hot flavour and their bright red colour when ripe.

The flesh of a mature habanero chilli is crunchy and thin, with very few seeds. They tend to have a citrusy aroma, with subtle notes of garlic and grassiness. The pungency of habaneros can differ widely depending on the growing environment and preparation techniques such as salting or drying out after slicing them open.

The best way to prepare a habanero chilli is by roasting them first, directly over a gas burner or in a preheated oven set at 350°F (175°C). Roasting helps enhance their flavour significantly without adding any kind of oil or fat. Once roasted and cooled off completely, they can then be added to dishes for an extra kick of heat.

Scoville heat units

The Habanero chilli pepper is known for being one of the spiciest varieties of pepper available. It typically clocks in at 200,000–350,000 Scoville heat units. The Scoville scale is the measurement used to measure the pungent nature of peppers – it was created by American pharmacist Wilbur Scoville in 1912 as a way to compare different chilies.

The scale ranges from 0 for bell peppers (which are considered to possess no detectable heat) up to 16 million for pure capsaicin. Habanero peppers measure between 200,000 – 350,000 on the Scoville Scale – compare this to jalapeno peppers which range between 2,500 – 8,000 SHU.

For reference:

  • Bell Pepper = 0 SHU
  • Jalapeno Pepper = 2,500 – 8,000 SHU
  • Habanero Pepper = 200,000 – 350,00 SHU

Carolina Reaper

The Carolina Reaper is the spiciest chilli variety in the world, with a Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) of over 2 million. Its shape is similar to that of a Scotch bonnet, with a unique tail and an intense sweetness to its flavour.

The Carolina Reaper was developed and grown by the PuckerButt Pepper Company in South Carolina, which holds the Guinness World Record for producing the hottest chilli pepper in the world.

Let’s explore this chilli in-depth and learn more about it.


The Carolina Reaper was created by cultivator Ed Currie of South Carolina, USA. This chili is a so-called ‘superhot chili’, and has been named as the hottest chili pepper in the world according to the Guinness Book of World Records. It is a crossbreed between ‘Pakistani Naga’ and ‘red habanero’ and its average heat level ranges from 1.5 – 2.2 million Heat Units on the Scoville Scale (SHU).

The Carolina Reaper has an unusual knobby shape with a stinger tail that gives it its unique Scorpion-like appearance. Its flavor profile is a combination of fruity, sweet and smoky flavors with an intense heat that builds up shortly after it is ingested – lasting for several minutes before subsiding.


The Carolina Reaper is a very popular chili pepper known for its intense heat and unique taste. It is the world’s hottest pepper according to the Guinness World Records, measuring at an incredible 2.2 million units on the Scoville scale.

The Carolina Reaper was created by crossing a Pakistani Naga with a Red Habanero, and it has an intensely spicy, smoky flavor with subtle hints of fruit and chocolate. The actual pepper itself can measure up to 2-3 inches long, and it has a really distinctive shape with its wrinkled skin and iconic “stinger” tail.

In addition to being incredibly potent, Carolina Reapers also tend to be extremely pungent and aromatic due to their capsaicin content.

This unique blend of fiery heat combined with full-bodied flavor makes them very popular in all kinds of dishes from sauces to salsas. Not only are they incredibly flavorful, but they tend to have a much longer shelf life than other peppers as well—perfect for those looking for some extra kick in their dish without having to worry about freshness.

Scoville heat units

The Scoville Scale is used to measure the amount of capsaicin present in different varieties of chili peppers. The higher the unit of measurement, the hotter the pepper. The Carolina Reaper has been officially labeled as one of the newest world’s hottest chillies and holds the Guinness title for being the hottest pepper on earth with an average heat of 1,569,000 SHU. This makes it significantly hotter than other varieties like Japones, Malagueta and Habanero Red that generally score between 35,000 – 250,000 unit points on a Scoville Scale.

The Carolina Reaper originated in South Carolina and is typically larger than other chilies (about 2 inches long by 1 inch wide). It is a cross between a Pakistani Naga Viper chili and a red Habanero chili. Its deep red-colored pods are thick-walled which give them their unique flavor and heat intensity.

In addition to its intense heat level, another characteristic of this pepper is its dramatic shape – tapered with a characteristic scorpion tail formation at the shoulder area. It also has a sweet fruity flavor with hints of chocolate that add complexity to dishes containing it.

For those looking for an extra kick in their food – mastering how to sustainably take advantage of this powerful chilli without overdoing it should be done carefully as consuming too much could cause burning sensations even after several hours or days later!

Ghost Pepper

Ghost Pepper is one of the spiciest chilli varieties in the world. It has a Scoville Heat Unit of 1,041,427 SHU, making it over two hundred times hotter than a jalapeno pepper. Ghost peppers have a unique smoky flavour and can be used in anything from stews to curries to sauces.

Let’s explore more of the properties of this intense chilli variety.


The Bhut jolokia, or ghost pepper, is an interspecific hybrid chili pepper that is a naturally occurring hybrid between Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens. The plant originated in the Assam region of India. It can also be found growing in some parts of northeast India and Bangladesh.

In its native regions the Bhut jolokia has several local varieties such as the Naga Morich (in Bangladesh) and Tezpur (in northeast India). The Bhut jolokia was once considered to be the world’s hottest chili pepper before being surpassed by the Gulay-piri chilies, then having its title reclaimed shortly thereafter.

Since 2007, it has been formally listed as a protected geographical indication by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999 in India due to its distinctiveness from other peppers.


The ghost pepper, also known as Bhut Jolokia, is a type of chilli pepper esteemed for its extreme heat. The Indian chili pepper, native to the Northeastern region of India, typically measures between 855,000 to 1,041,427 on the widely-used Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) scale. The SHU is an internationally accepted way to measure the heat of peppers and other spicy foods.

Because of its intense spiciness and flavor profile – which many people describe as sweet yet smoky – the ghost pepper has seen a surge in popularity among chili aficionados over the last decade.

In addition to its renowned heat level, ghost peppers are quite versatile in cooking; their fruitiness and smokiness allow it to be used in dishes ranging from curries to barbeque sauces and even straight off the vine as a stand alone snack. Furthermore, this spicy variety is incredibly easy to grow; they thrive in hot climates with plenty of light and full sun during their growing cycle. As such, they can be found in many areas around the world due to their fast-paced growth rate and easy cultivation requirements.

Scoville heat units

Scoville heat units (SHU) are the official measurement for hot pepper heat. The scale was named after Wilbur Scoville, who developed a method to measure the spice compounds in peppers. Whenever you buy or eat any type of chili pepper it’s important to know what the SHU measurement for that pepper is. This helps you to choose peppers that are at the correct level of heat for your taste.

The Ghost Pepper, also called Bhut Jolokia, measures an incredibly high 1 million SHUs on the Scoville scale, making it one of the hottest peppers around. While that may sound extreme compared with other chilies such as jalapenos or Anaheims, which typically fall between 2,500 and 5,000 SHUs on the scale – it still isn’t as spicy as some of its super-hot relatives like the Infinity and Carolina Reaper Peppers, which measure more than 2 million SHUs each! Look out!!


There is a huge range of chilli varieties available, each with their own flavours and levels of spiciness. With so many to choose from, it can be tricky to determine which one is the spiciest. To make it easier to decide, let’s take a look at some of the chilli varieties and compare their spiciness levels:

Habanero vs. Carolina Reaper

Habanero and Carolina Reaper peppers are some of the hottest chili peppers in the world. But their heat levels and flavor profiles vary significantly. While people measure the spiciness of these peppers using Scoville scale units, it’s important to understand that this scale does not account for an individual’s personal spice tolerance thresholds or individual taste preferences.


Habanero chili peppers are quite popular and recognizable due to their bright orange color and lantern shape. Compared to other chilies, they have a high level of heat, rating between 100,000 – 350,000 scoville heat units (SHU). Yet, some Habanero selections can exceed 500,000 SHU such as Chocolate Habaneros or Red Savina Habaneros. The flavor profile is characterized by strong citrusy notes with earthy undertones. When blended with other ingredients like garlic and fruits on tacos or hot sauces, these flavors stand out even more.

Carolina Reaper:

The Carolina Reaper pepper has been recognized as the “hottest chili pepper in the world” by Guinness World Records since 2013 with a heat ranking between 1-2 million SHU. It is often thought that it burns hotter than habanero but there is no consensus among chili fans about this topic due to taste preferences and various experiments that have been done using the Scoville Scale to rate the spicy level of both carrots. One thing’s for certain: it tastes incredibly good! Its unique flavor profile is described as having a smoky sweet fruity note with slight hints of fresh sugarcane and chocolate undertones that tantalize your taste buds!

Habanero vs. Ghost Pepper

Habanero peppers and ghost peppers are among the hottest chili peppers in the world. Measured on the Scoville scale, which measures the heat level of chili peppers, both habanero and ghost pepper rank extremely high. However, these two chili peppers have distinct characteristics that set them apart from each other.

When comparing habanero vs ghost pepper, you will notice that they have different shapes and sizes. Habaneros are generally quite small, ranging from 1 to 2 inches in length, while ghost peppers tend to be larger with a length between 2 ½ inches to 3 ½ inches. They also differ in color when ripe; habaneros turn a bright yellow-orange whereas ghost peppers ripen to an ivory-white color.

In terms of heat intensity, a single ghost pepper is about 400 times hotter than a jalapeno pepper and significantly hotter than habanero chilies which are approximately 300 times hotter than jalapenos according to their Scoville ratings. However, habaneros have a fruity taste with hints of citrus that are missing from ghost peppers which have more of an intense pungency than flavor when eaten raw or cooked.

Whether you prefer the citrusy flavor of habanero chilies or the eye-watering intensity of ghost pepper heat is mainly up to personal preference; however there’s no denying that these two fiery chilies definitely pack the punch when it comes to spiciness and unique flavors!

Carolina Reaper vs. Ghost Pepper

When comparing the heat levels of the Carolina Reaper and Ghost Pepper, the Carolina Reaper wins out as being substantially spicier. The Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) is often used to measure chili pepper heat by measuring how much capsaicin is present. The Carolina Reaper clocks in at a whopping 1.8 million SHUs while Ghost Peppers come in at around 1 million SHUs!

Both peppers are used in many types of cuisine, from smoked dishes to spicy salsas and more. However, these two chili varieties have some key points of difference that may give cooks an idea of when to use one over the other.

The Ghost Pepper has a unique fruity flavor that adds sweetness to any dish; this is especially noticeable if cooked or dried for long periods of time. On the other hand, the burn from a Carolina Reaper is intense and much longer lasting than that from a Ghost Pepper. It offers an underlying smoky element without sacrificing too much on flavor – plus it’s great for sweetening spicy foods like hot sauce and chocolate truffles!

Overall, if you’re looking for a really spicy option then you should go with a Carolina Reaper whereas if you want something with a more complex flavor then opt for Ghost Peppers! Either way, cooking with either variety requires caution so make sure you wear gloves when handling them; taking small bites can also help gauge the intensity before adding more chili peppers into your dish!


In conclusion, the spiciest chili variety is the Carolina Reaper pepper, followed closely by the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T and the Arizona Scorpion. All of these chili varieties are extremely hot and should be handled with caution.

For those who like extra spicy flavouring in their meals, these peppers can provide an excellent addition to many dishes. However, if you don’t enjoy overly spicy food, it is best to avoid these peppers entirely!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the spiciest chilli variety?

A: The spiciest chilli variety is the Carolina Reaper, which is officially the world’s hottest chilli pepper.

Q: How spicy is the Carolina Reaper?

A: The Carolina Reaper is incredibly spicy, with a Scoville rating of up to 2.2 million units.

Q: What are the other spiciest chilli varieties?

A: Some of the other spiciest chilli varieties include the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, the 7 Pot Douglah, and the Naga Viper.

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